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Commercial Surrogacy vs. Altruistic Surrogacy in India

Commercial Surrogacy vs Altruistic Surrogacy

Embarking on the journey of surrogacy is a significant decision for intended parents, one that involves careful consideration of legal aspects and associated costs. In India, the landscape of surrogacy has evolved with the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, bringing about a shift from commercial surrogacy to altruistic surrogacy. Let’s explore the legal framework, differences between the two models, and the financial aspects that prospective parents should be aware of.

Legal Landscape in India:

The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill of 2018 marked a turning point in the regulation of surrogacy in India. According to the bill, commercial surrogacy, where financial compensation is provided to the surrogate beyond medical expenses, is now prohibited. Instead, the focus has shifted to altruistic surrogacy, where the surrogate agrees to carry a child without any monetary motivation other than covering medical and related expenses.

Commercial Surrogacy:

In the past, commercial surrogacy was a common practice in India. However, under the current legal framework, it is no longer permitted. Commercial surrogacy involved a contractual agreement where the surrogate was financially compensated for carrying and delivering the child, going beyond covering medical and pregnancy-related costs.

Altruistic Surrogacy:

The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill encourages altruistic surrogacy as a more ethical alternative. In altruistic surrogacy, the surrogate mother is not motivated by financial gain but may receive compensation for medical expenses, insurance coverage, and other pregnancy-related costs. This model aims to emphasize the selfless act of helping others fulfill their dream of parenthood. Know More About Altruistic Surrogacy.

Service Costs:

Understanding the financial implications of surrogacy is crucial for intended parents. While altruistic surrogacy is the legal option in India, it still involves various costs:

  1. Medical Expenses: Covering fertility treatments, prenatal care, and delivery costs is a significant portion of the overall expenditure.
  2. Legal Fees: Engaging legal professionals for drafting and reviewing contracts is essential, contributing to the overall costs.
  3. Insurance Coverage: Ensuring comprehensive health coverage for the surrogate mother during the pregnancy is a crucial financial consideration.
  4. Compensation: In altruistic surrogacy, the surrogate may receive compensation for her time, effort, and any inconvenience experienced during the pregnancy.
  5. Administrative Costs: Including agency fees, documentation, and other logistical expenses, administrative costs are also part of the financial considerations.


As prospective parents navigate the realm of surrogacy in India, it is imperative to be well-informed about the legal regulations and associated costs. Altruistic surrogacy, guided by ethical principles, is the prevailing model, promoting a compassionate approach to family-building. Seeking professional guidance and being transparent about expectations will contribute to a smoother and more fulfilling surrogacy journey for all parties involved.

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